What The Real Estate Escalation Clause Language Says About Your Offer


Real estate escalation clauses have proven, time and time again, that their inclusion in an offer letter can greatly tip the scale in favor of buyers. Escalation clauses are, after all, a relatively simple way to stack the deck in favor of savvy investors. It is worth noting, however, that anything less than a meticulously calculated escalation clause can actually do more harm than good. That said, investors must be absolutely certain that the real estate escalation clause language contained in their offer is well-crafted, deliberate and efficient. If for nothing else, it’s the manner in which the real estate escalation clause is conveyed that will determine its efficacy. It’s quite simple really; the better the real estate escalation clause language, the better the chances are of landing the deal.

How Does An Escalation Clause Work?

As their names suggest, escalation clauses award prospective buyers the ability to escalate their offers in the event a subsequent, higher offer is submitted in the interim. Otherwise known as escalator clauses, escalation clauses are essentially offer contract addenda indicating that a buyer is willing and able to increase their original offer if necessary. In their simplest form, however, escalation clauses are nothing more than a safety net; a last-ditch effort on behalf of buyers to remain relevant in the eyes of a seller.

Often included in a buyer’s offer, real estate escalation clause language is specifically designed to convey a simple message: that a buyer is willing to offer more in the event someone else beats their initial offer. It is worth noting, however, that real estate escalation clause language is typically very specific. Not only will a good escalation clause identify a buyer’s willingness to pay more, but it will also clarify exactly how much they are willing to beat the subsequent offer by, up to a predetermined amount — as not to exceed the buyer’s maximum allowable offer.

Real Estate Escalation Clause Example

Buyer A submits a $100,000 offer on a home with an escalation clause of $2,000 and a cap of $120,000. Soon after Buyer A submits their offer, Buyer B submits a slightly higher offer — let’s say $105,000. Since Buyer A’s offer is lower than the second offer, the escalation clause in the first offer will immediately go into effect. And since Buyer A’s escalation clause specifically stated they are willing to beat out any additional offers by $2,000, Buyer A’s new offer is automatically increased to $107,000 (the competitor’s offer plus an additional $2,000). This escalation, of course, will continue until the offer amount reaches the escalation clause cap set by the buyer enacting it. That way, the escalation clause will incrementally beat out any subsequent offers.

Of course, all of this is contingent on the seller accepting the escalation clause in the first place. If for nothing else, a seller doesn’t have to accept the inclusion of an escalation offer.

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Escalation clause real estate

Pros And Cons Of An Escalation Clause

An escalation clause may serve as an invaluable tool in conjunction with a competitive offer. However, these clauses are meant to be used sparingly, and are very situational. Used correctly, the proper escalation clause verbiage can tilt the scales in an investor’s favor. Consequently, a poorly executed escalation clause can cut into profit margins. That said, investors must know what they are doing before they use one of these clauses themselves. More specifically, it’s a good idea to become familiar with both the pros and cons of using an escalation clause in real estate offers.


The most common reason anyone would include an escalation clause in an offer is to provide themselves with some semblance of reassurance—reassurance that their offer won’t simply lose out to the competition for being too low. A well-worded real estate escalation clause form (or the addition of a good escalation clause) should see to it that an offer remains at the forefront of a seller’s mind (without overpaying). It is worth noting, however, that escalation clause language doesn’t only keep a buyer’s offer on the top of the pile, but it also lets the seller know how serious they are, which is valuable in and of itself. When all is said and done, a good escalation clause example is one thing, and one thing only: peace of mind for both he buyer and seller. Adding this clause to an offer suggests the buyer is serious, and nobody appreciates that more than a seller.


While escalation clauses have proven to be invaluable to many buyers, they are not without their drawbacks, most notably of which is ignorance. For one reason or another, not everyone is familiar with the concept, including many listing agents. Their inability to understand an offer with an escalation clause can be an obstacle—an obstacle that’s easy to overcome, but nonetheless an obstacle. Not only that, but escalation clauses can get confusing if not left in the hands of an experienced individual. Therefore, it’s important that the escalation clause verbiage is not only clear, but also says exactly what each party intends.

The most significant drawback to using an escalation clause, however, has nothing to do with comprehension. Instead, it has more to do with giving away a buyers position. Oftentimes, leverage at the negotiation table is the result of what a buyer is willing to offer. In the event an escalation clause is included, the buyers position is made clear the minute the offer is submitted. If that’s the case, the seller already knows the buyer is willing to pay more, which could result in spending more money than the buyer really wants to.

Escalation Clause Language To Include In Your Offer Letter

The language of the escalation clause is just as important as the addendum itself, if not more so. If for nothing else, a poorly worded escalation clause can actually do more harm than good. Prospective buyers will need to be absolutely certain that their own escalation clauses get a specific and deliberate point across. To do so, you must include some key components, or verbiage — if you will. Remember, how you say it is just as important as what you say.

Escalation clause language to include in your offer letter is nothing if not specific. That said, it’s in your best interest to rid your own escalation clause of any ambiguity. It should answer more questions than it asks; quite honestly, it shouldn’t leave sellers with any questions at all.

For starters, the language of your escalation clause should state that it will only go into effect in the event a legitimate subsequent offer is made. That is to say, your willingness to beat out an additional offer is predicated only on the fact that a bona fide offer threatens to beat out your previous one. That’s an important distinction to make, as buyers won’t want to see their offers increase in the face of illegitimate contenders.

Moreover, proper real estate escalation clause language needs to specify the amount a buyer is willing to beat out subsequent offers by, and how much they are willing to cap out at — this can’t be underestimated. The language in a respective escalation clause must clarify specify amounts.

While adding an escalation clause to your offer may seem like a simple step, be sure to consult an attorney that specializes in real estate contracts. They will see to it that your own escalation clause contains all the language necessary to complete the perfect offer.

When To Avoid Using A Real Estate Escalation Clause

I want to make it abundantly clear: there are times when an escalation clause makes sense, and there are times when an escalation clause doesn’t make sense. Again, if you are confident the home will receive multiple offers, there’s a good chance you’ll want to include an escalation clause in your offer. That said, there are times when you may want to omit such an amendment, not the least of which include the following:

  • You Don’t Expect A Lot Of Competition: Real estate escalation clauses are best left for properties you would expect to generate a lot of attention. If for nothing else, these clauses were born out of a competitive market place. Not every home is going to have several buyers competing over it. If you find yourself looking at a property that doesn’t have a lot of competition, it may be in your best interest to avoid using an escalation clause. That way, you won’t have to identify the highest amount you are willing to spend, and therefore negotiate a better deal. In neglecting to use an escalator clause, you are more likely to have leverage in the negotiation game.

  • There Isn’t A Lot Of Wiggle Room: Investing in real estate is contingent on the idea of buying a property at a discount; so that you may sell it for more of a profit on the backend of a deal. The cheaper you are able to acquire a deal for, the better your bottom line. However, some homes can’t even be purchased at a discount, especially in today’s competitive environment. That said, you’ll want to avoid using an escalation clause if the profit margins are too slim to begin with. If you aren’t careful, an escalation clause could have you spending a lot more on a property than you should have.

  • The Buyer Isn’t Interested: It is entirely possible that the home you are looking to buy is owned by someone that isn’t interested in entertaining an escalation clause. While some sellers would live the inclusion of an escalation clause, others would rather have buyers submit exactly what they want to pay; they like the idea of buyers trying to outbid each other on the first try. If that’s the cause, it’s in your best interest to avoid using one altogether.

Escalation clause language


The real estate escalation clause language you choose to include in your next offer could very well beat out the competition. It is worth noting, however, that the more specific you are, the better. A vague clause could actually hurt your chances, so be sure to mind due diligence. Above all, consult a real estate attorney to insure that your escalation clause spells out exactly what you want to happen.

Key Takeaways

  • Think of an escalation clause as an amendment to an offer; it’s a slight change that could potentially move your offer into contention.

  • Knowing when to use an escalation clause is just as important as knowing how to use one.

  • The real estate escalation clause language you choose to include in your next offer could mean the difference between landing the deal of your dreams or walking away empty handed.